Things to Know About Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is simply the male enlargement of female breast tissue and is by far the most commonly occurring male breast condition. Studies suggest that as many as 10% of men suffer from this condition. Because it often causes social anxiety, psychological discomfort and fear of developing breast cancer, proper early diagnosis is vital, and males should seek medical treatment promptly. The exact cause of gynecomastia has not been identified, but several factors have been identified. Some of these include age, genetic predisposition, obesity, family history, excessive use of cortisone, and hormone replacement therapy.

gynecomastia AdelaideIf you are a male who suspects that you have gynecomastia Adelaide, then you should consult your doctor first. Because males have a relatively higher amount of the male hormone testosterone than females, they are particularly prone to this condition. Testosterone is converted into estrogen in males, and it has been proven that increased estrogen levels are related to the development of gynecomastia. Elevated estrogen levels can be treated with drugs like Propecia and Estrogen drugs, which are available by prescription.

Another factor that may lead to the development of gynecomastia is hyperthyroidism. Many hyperthyroid or hypothyroid men suffer from the side effect of enlarged breasts as symptoms of the hyperthyroid condition. Besides, males with gynecomastia are prone to tumours of the testicles and may develop testicular tumours. These are treatable by surgery.

If the testicular tumours are causing the problem for the man, then the doctor will have to perform a TSH test, which measures the hormone present in the urine. High levels of estrogen mean that the testicles are producing more testosterone, which leads to an increase in the body’s estrogen levels. Once the imbalance is corrected, then the man should stop having gynecomastia. TSH levels will need to be checked periodically to ensure that the correct hormone levels have been achieved. Estrogen levels can also be corrected by either taking supplements or by performing special exercises.

Another hormonal condition that may lead to gynecomastia Adelaide in men is referred to as breast pituitary adenoma. It is a rare condition, and diagnosis usually requires a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis. The abnormal growth of glandular proliferation can be detected during mammograms or magnetic resonance imaging tests. Once a positive diagnosis has been made, then treatment can begin. Treatment for this condition involves removing the pituitary gland or using hormone therapy.

There are also medical treatments that use alternative means to combat excessive androgens in men. Anti-androgen medications can be used to reduce the conversion of testosterone into androgens, which can promote the development of gynecomastia. Gynecomastia can also be treated with anti-estrogens, which work by suppressing estrogen production and preventing further growth of the breasts.